Glossary

BMD

BMD (Bone Mineral Densitometry) is a simple and non-invasive examination that uses a special DEXA machine to scan the lower spine and one of the hips, to assess bone mineral content to help detect early loss of bone mass.

BMI

BMI (Body Mass Index) is a measure of someone's weight in relation to height. To calculate one's BMI, multiply one's weight in pounds and divide that by the square of one's height in inches.

BSS

BSS (BreastScreen Singapore) is the national breast cancer screening programme which encourages women aged 50 years and older to go for screening mammograms (breast X-ray) once every 2 years.

General X-ray

General X-ray, also known as radiography, is a common type of non-invasive diagnostic examination used to assess the internal organs of a human body. It is useful to diagnose bone and joint injury, and certain diseases such as arthritis.

Mammography

Mammography is a simple examination of the breast using low-dose X-ray.

Pap Smear

Pap Smear is a test to detect abnormality of the cervix. Cell changes may develop into cervical cancer if left untreated.

Spirometry

Spirometry is a simple non-invasive test to measure the function of the lungs.

Teleradiology

Teleradiology is the transmission of radiological images from one location to another via electronic means for interpretation.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound is a method of 'seeing' inside the human body through the use of high frequency sound waves.

Last Updated 30 April 2012